Dislocation in Children - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
Dislocation can happen to everyone. Likewise in children who actively play and do physical activity. Dislocation is not a disease of various bone disorders in children. Dislocation in children is an injury to the child's supply, which occurs because the child's bones shift and come out of their normal position, causing symptoms of dislocation. Beware of dislocation conditions if the child has the following risk factors,
• Heredity - some children are born with loose ligament conditions, so that the child's joints are easily shifted until they are dislocated when hit
• Vulnerable to fall - in children who are vulnerable or often fall, the potential for dislocation increases if the child uses his arms, thighs or shoulders to support his body when he falls
• Injuries - physical activities such as exercise provide exercise benefits for children, but if done incorrectly can cause injury and trigger dislocation.Symptoms of Dislocation in ChildrenThe most common cause of dislocation is an uneven impact on the joint. Often times when a child collides or falls when playing or playing sports. Generally the symptoms of a dislocation are easily identified by the following signs,
• Swelling in the joints of children, sometimes the shape of a child's joint looks strange and awkward• Bruising or redness in the child's joint area
• The child feels pain when moving his joints, until he has difficulty moving
• Experience symptoms of tingling in children
• Experiencing numbness in the joint area
If you find the characteristics of a child experiencing a dislocation, immediately consult with medical personnel. Dislocation in children is an emergency condition. Immediate treatment can avoid some dislocation complications, such as
• Potentially exposed to the dangers of arthritis in children
• Muscles, ligaments and muscle connective tissue with tendons (bones) in the joints of children torn
• Damage to nerves and blood vessels in the area of the joint that is dislocated In addition, symptoms that are not treated immediately, causing areas with more dislocations to contract are dislocated again.
Treatment of Dislocation in Children Therapy for dislocation treatment is carried out according to the severity of dislocation in a natural child. Physical diagnosis and supporting diagnosis using x-rays and MRI are needed to ascertain the child's condition. Because, dislocations are sometimes difficult to distinguish from fracture conditions. After a diagnosis of a dislocation is established, some of these therapeutic treatments can be given to treat and cure dislocations.
1. RICE technique - this technique can also be done as a first aid when there is a dislocation in a child. RICE consists of 4 activities, namely Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation. First, rest the joints that have dislocated (rest), then cold compress the joint (ice). Next, press a joint that is dislocated (compression) and elevates or raises a joint that has a dislocation (elevation).
2. Reposition - If possible the doctor will restore the position of the bone back to the joint. This therapy is done by first giving anesthesia so that the child remains comfortable
3. Immobylation - This therapy is needed to prevent the repositioned joint from shifting back until the child is fully recovered. Use of joint supports such as slang, splint or cast is done for several weeks.
4. Surgery - this action is carried out if the severity of the dislocation in the child causes the blood vessels, ligaments or nerve tissue around the dislocation area to be damaged.5. Drug therapy - administration of painkillers and muscle relaxants is sometimes given as support therapyRehabilitation is needed to improve joint strength after treatment. Besides that, it can also restore the range of motion of the joint, so that the child's ability to move can return. To avoid the risk of dislocation in children, teach safe behavior when doing the activities of the importance of playing for children's growth. Make sure the house is safe for children to move and pay attention to children when playing.